On another occasion he began to teach by the sea. A very large crowd gathered around him so that he got into a boat on the sea and sat down. And the whole crowd was beside the sea on land. And he taught them at length in parables, and in the course of his instruction he said to them: "Hear this! A sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seed fell on the path, and the birds came and ate it up.
Other seed fell on rocky ground where it had little soil. It sprang up at once because the soil was not deep. And when the sun rose, it was scorched and it withered for lack of roots.
Some seed fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked it and it produced no grain. And some seed fell on rich soil and produced fruit. It came up and grew and yielded thirty, sixty, and a hundredfold." He added: "Whoever has ears to hear ought to hear." And when he was alone, those present along with the Twelve questioned him about the parables. He answered them: "The mystery of the kingdom of God has been granted to you. But to those outside everything comes in parables, so that 'they may look and see but not perceive, and hear and listen but not understand, in order that they may not be converted and be forgiven.'" Jesus said to them: "Do you not understand this parable? Then how will you understand any of the parables? The sower sows the word. These are the ones on the path where the word is sown. As soon as they hear, Satan comes at once and takes away the word sown in them. And these are the ones sown on rocky ground who, when they hear the word, receive it at once with joy. But they have no root; they last only for a time. Then when tribulation or persecution comes because of the word, they quickly fall away. Those sown among thorns are another sort. They are the people who hear the word, but worldly anxiety, the lure of riches, and the craving for other things intrude and choke the word, and it bears no fruit. But those sown on rich soil are the ones who hear the word and accept it and bear fruit thirty and sixty and a hundredfold."
If someone intentionally and explicitly denies God, he sins against the first commandment. However, his responsibility may be seriously impaired, as when, for example, he has learned nothing about God or has examined the question about God's existence conscientiously and cannot believe. (2127-2128)
The line between being unable to believe and being unwilling to believe is not clear. The attitude that simply dismisses faith as unimportant, without having examined it more closely, is often worse than well-considered atheism.
This parable can plunge me into questioning my life. What grains have I planted for the good of my life? Who planted the grain? What is the light, the water, the earth that allows the grain to develop? My life is not an exact science and requires daily listening and understanding. I have more or less easy moments, but I can grow and grow a grain that will bear fruit for me and for the people around me.
His mother and his brothers arrived. Standing outside they sent word to him and called him. A crowd seated around him told him: "Your mother and your brothers and your sisters are outside asking for you." But he said to them in reply:
"Who are my mother and my brothers?" And looking around at those seated in the circle he said: "Here are my mother and my brothers. For whoever does the will of God is my brother and sister and mother."
Anyone who, in union with the Pope and the bishops, is united to Jesus Christ through profession of the Catholic faith and reception of the sacraments is in full communion with the Catholic Church. (836-838)
God willed one Church for all. Unfortunately we Christians have been unfaithful to this wish of Christ. Nevertheless, even today we are still deeply united with one another by our faith and common Baptism.
For some time, living my faith was complicated: Prayer, Mass, or finding God in my life. It was then that I discovered that community is a pillar for sustaining me and for sharing my faith with people who seek, as I do, to follow the Lord. Jesus exemplifies this with the family. After living with God in community for a time, I understood that the bond that is formed is very close, and that is why we are brothers and sisters of Jesus and also among ourselves.
The scribes who had come from Jerusalem said: "He is possessed by Beelzebul", and "by the prince of demons he drives out demons." Summoning them, he began to speak to them in parables: "How can Satan drive out Satan? If a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand. And if a house is divided against itself, that house will not be able to stand. And if Satan has risen up against himself and is divided, he cannot stand; that is the end of him. But no one can enter a strong man's house to plunder his property unless he first ties up the strong man. Then he can plunder his house.
Amen, I say to you, all sins and all blasphemies that people utter will be forgiven them. But whoever blasphemes against the holy Spirit will never have forgiveness, but is guilty of an everlasting sin."
For they had said: "He has an unclean spirit."
The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Holy Trinity and has the same divine majesty as the Father and the Son. (243-248, 263-264)
When we discover the reality of God in us, we are dealing with the working of the Holy Spirit. God sent "the Spirit of his Son into our hearts" (Gal 4,6), so that he might fill us completely. In the Holy Spirit a Christian finds profound joy, inner peace, and freedom. "For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the spirit of sonship (in whom) we cry, 'Abba! Father!' " (Rom 8,15b). In the Holy Spirit, whom we receive in Baptism and Confirmation we are permitted to call God "Father".
If Jesus says that blasphemy against the Holy Spirit cannot be forgiven either in this life or in the next, it is because this "non-forgiveness" is linked, as to its cause, to "non-repentance," in other words to the radical refusal to be converted. This means the refusal to come to the sources of Redemption, which nevertheless remain "always" open in the economy of salvation in which the mission of the Holy Spirit is accomplished.
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